Homeless Demographic Survey for the HELP

The research team of the Homeless Empowerment Learning Program (HELP) collected data regarding the basic information about the homeless in downtown Long Beach. Data were collected at  the Second Samoan Church in downtown Long Beach with which primarily homeless population is affiliated. The final sample included 153 homeless. Data covered the following 5 areas of information about the homeless:


Demographic Information

Reasons for Being Homeless

Affiliation with Long Beach and the Church

Health and Life Problems

Benefits/Services Provided


Housing and Demographic Information

Table 1 below presents the basic demographic characteristics about the homeless sample by housing type. Among a total of 153 homeless in downtown Long Beach, 20 or 13.07% were provided with permanent housing. 65 or 42.48% were homeless sheltered and 68 or 44.44% were homeless unsheltered.

Years of Being Homeless. As indicated in Table 1, the average year of being homeless for the entire sample was 5, while they had stayed in the Long Beach for an average of 17 years. Surprisingly, homeless who were provided with permanent housing by government or other agencies had been homeless in shorter period of time than both sheltered- and unsheltered-homeless. Specifically, the average time of being homeless for the permanent-housing-provided homeless was 2 years; while for homeless-sheltered was 5 and for homeless unsheltered was 4.8. However, the one-way ANOVA, which tested differences in means across groups of homeless by housing type revealed no significant mean differences in years of being homeless (F (3, 153) = 2.11, p=0.13).

Demographics. Table 1 shows that 71% of the sample was male. The average age for the total 153 homeless was 46. With regard to racial composition, 41% of the homeless sampled was Black, 24% was White, 23 % was Hispanic, and the rest took up 22%.  63% of the homeless was single, and 55% was disabled. Only 12% was Veteran homeless. More than half the homeless had a high school degree (56%) and 31% had some college education. 83% of the them were unemployed. Pearson Correlations indicated that there were significantly less male (more female) permanent-housing-provided homeless than either sheltered or unsheltered homeless(r=-0.26; p<0.01). Also, there were significantly more disabled who were provided with permanent housing (r=0.23; p<0.01). It indicated that female and disabled homeless were more likely to be provided with permanent housing by either government or other agencies.


IMG_4778For those who are interested in the complete report of analysis of data results, please contact the Principal Investigator Dr. Sisi Chen at








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